2021 Global Peace Index: Government’s efforts paid off, says Oppong Nkrumah

The information minister says Ghana stood out in Africa in the 2021 Global Peace Index because government invested in security and peace

Kojo Oppong Nkrumah has attributed Ghana’s ranking in the latest Global Peace Index report to government’s investment in security and peace over the years.

Ghana has been ranked the second most peaceful country in Africa in the 2021 Global Peace Index report by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).

“I think it is obvious that in recent years, Ghana is stepping up its personnel and logistics to ensure that despite the challenges that go on in the sub-region and across Africa, relatively we are able to offer a more peaceful environment to our citizens and people within our jurisdiction,” Nkrumah told Nana Yaa Mensah on The Asaase Breakfast Show on Monday (21 June).

He added: “That is not to say that there is absolutely no incident of crime, no incident of instability, no attack but it is about the trends… and we compare across other countries despite the accumulated challenges. “

Citizens must play their role

Nkrumah said the latest feat achieved by the country must motivate the citizenry to play their role by contributing to maintain the relative peace and security in the country.

“What we need to do is to continue with the investment in security and peace and ensure that all stakeholders play their part including citizens, because for peace and security to be strengthened you need a lot of citizen participation to report crime,” the minister said.

2021 GPI  report 

A look at the snapshot of the global state of peace as captured in the report, Ghana is ranked 38th in the world out of the 163 countries reviewed. Ghana scored 1.715 which represents a two-point move upwards from the previous Global Peace Index report.

Other African rankings

Mauritius, the only African country ahead of Ghana in the Peace index on first position in Africa ranked 28th in the global space. Botswana took the third place in Africa and was ranked 41st on the global peace index.

Iceland is ranked number one as the most peaceful country in the world with a score of 1.1. New Zealand, Denmark, Portugal and Slovenia are ranked second, third, fourth and fifth respectively.

Least peaceful countries

The five least peaceful countries in the world, according to the 2021 global peace index are Iraq (ranked 159th), South Sudan (ranked 160th), Syria (ranked 161st) Yemen (ranked 162nd) and Afgahanistan (at the bottom ranking163rd)

COVID-19 impact on peace

As part of the key findings of the 2021 Global Peace Index, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic which has wreaked massive economic havoc around the world also had “a significant impact on levels of conflict and violence”.

The level of civil unrest the report says “rose in 2020, fuelled in large part by responses to coronavirus restrictions”. Over 5,000 pandemic-related violent events were recorded between January 2020 and April 2021 worldwide.

“The deterioration in militarization and improvement in ongoing conflict were both influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic, which had a major negative impact on economic activity, human movement, and international relations in 2020.

The pandemic had a noticeable impact on the violent demonstrations and political instability indicators, with 25 and 46 countries respectively recording deteriorations on these indicators,” the report further highlighted.

Global peace deterioration

According to the Index, “the average level of global peacefulness deteriorated by 0.07 per cent in the 2021 Global Peace Index. Although a relatively small deterioration, this is the ninth time in the last 13 years that global peacefulness has deteriorated”.

The report notes that “in the past year, 87 countries recorded an improvement in peacefulness, while 73 countries recorded a deterioration. Three countries recorded no change in their overall score.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region remained the world’s least peaceful region. It is home to three of the five least peaceful countries in the world. However, it recorded the largest regional improvement over the past year”.

Europe the report says “remains the most peaceful region in the world. The region is home to eight of the ten most peaceful countries, and no country in Europe is ranked outside the top half of the index”.

The GPI and IEP

The 2021 Global Index report is the 15th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. Produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the GPI is the world’s leading measure of global peacefulness.

The report presents the most comprehensive data driven analysis to-date on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.

The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace across three domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security, the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict, and the degree of Militarization.

IEP achieves its goals by developing new conceptual frameworks to define peacefulness; providing metrics for measuring peace; and uncovering the relationships between business, peace and prosperity as well as promoting a better understanding of the cultural, economic and political factors that create peace.

IEP is headquartered in Sydney, with offices in New York, The Hague, Mexico City, Brussels and Harare. It works with a wide range of partners internationally and collaborates with intergovernmental organizations on measuring and communicating the economic value of peace.

Fred Dzakpata

Asaase Radio 99.5 – tune in or log on to broadcasts online
Follow us on Twitter: @asaaseradio995


Show More

Related Articles

Back to top button

Adblock Detected