Eduardo dos Santos, former president of Angola, dies aged 79

The 79-year-old José Eduardo dos Santos died at the Teknon clinic in Barcelona, Spain, where he was being treated following a prolonged illness

Angola’s former president José Eduardo dos Santos, who ruled Africa’s second biggest oil producer for nearly four decades, died on Friday, the presidency said.

The 79-year-old died at the Teknon clinic in Barcelona, Spain, where he was being treated following a prolonged illness, according to the statement.

His successor, Angola’s current president, Joao Lourenço, declared five days of national mourning and described dos Santos as a “unique figure of the Angolan homeland, to which he dedicated himself from a very early age”.

One of Africa’s longest-serving leaders, dos Santos stepped down five years ago.

He frequently described himself as an accidental president, taking the reins after Angola’s first leader, Agostinho Neto, died during cancer surgery in 1979.

His rule was marked by a civil war lasting nearly three decades against US-backed UNITA rebels – which he won in 2002 – and a subsequent oil-fuelled boom.

He was replaced in 2017 by Lourenço, who despite being from the incumbent’s People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), swiftly moved to investigate allegations of multibillion-dollar corruption during the dos Santos era.

Dos Santos had been receiving medical treatment since 2019.

The Portuguese news agency Lusa reported last month that the former president had been admitted to an intensive care unit in Barcelona.

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