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Oil prices fall more than 1% as Iran-Israel tensions ease

Oil prices fell by more than 1% on Monday, as the market focus switched to fundamentals after Israel and Iran played down the risk of an escalation of hostilities following Israel’s apparently small strike on Iran.

Brent futures fell US$1.21, or 1.4%, to US$86.08 a barrel by 0655 GMT. The front-month U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude contract for May , which expires on Monday, fell 97 cents, or 1.2%, to $82.17 a barrel, while the more active June contract dropped US$1.23 to US$80.99 a barrel.

“Brent crude prices failed to retain their initial surge, with broad expectations that geopolitical tensions between Israel and Iran may fizzle off given Iran’s tamed response,” said Yeap Jun Rong, market strategist at IG.

“With that, markets continue to unwind the geopolitical risk premium tied to potential supply disruptions, which seems more unlikely at current point in time,” he added.

Both benchmarks spiked more than US$3 a barrel early on Friday, after explosions were heard in the Iranian city of Isfahan in what sources described as an Israeli attack.

Gains were capped after Tehran played down the incident and said it did not plan to retaliate.

Yeap said rising U.S. crude stocks had added to the pressure to sell.

U.S. crude inventories rose by 2.7 million barrels, Energy Information Administration data showed last week, nearly double analysts’ expectations of a 1.4 million barrel rise.

“Economic concerns again become a bearish factor of the crude market,” with prices “under pressure due to a large build in the U.S. stockpile and a hawkish Fed that led to a strong dollar,” said independent market analyst Tina Teng. A strong dollar makes oil more expensive for holders of other currencies.

Chicago Federal Reserve President Austan Goolsbee on Friday became the latest central banker to signal a longer timeline for interest rate cuts because progress on curbing inflation had stalled.

On Saturday, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an aid package for Ukraine and Israel containing measures that would let the federal government expand sanctions against Iran and its oil production.

But markets shrugged off the news as the impact of the measures, if passed, would depend on how they are interpreted and implemented. Senate consideration of the bill is set to begin on Tuesday.

For now, ANZ analysts said in a note that volatility in the Middle East will keep oil markets “jittery”.
On Saturday, a blast at an Iraqi military base killed a member of a security force that includes Iran-backed groups. The force commander said it was an attack while the army said it was investigating.

Separately, Iran-backed Lebanese group Hezbollah on Sunday said it downed an Israeli drone that was on a combat mission in southern Lebanon.

Israeli forces and Lebanon’s armed group Hezbollah have been exchanging fire for over six months in parallel to the Gaza war, fuelling concerns about further escalation.

 

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