The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR) has said there is an unimaginable humanitarian crisis unfolding in Sudan.
The director of external relations, Dominique Hyde, said “It is shameful that the atrocities committed 20 years ago in Darfur can be happening again today with such little attention…almost six million people have been forced out of the homes, more than a million have fled to neighbouring and often fragile countries.”
Sudan has experienced nearly 50 years of civil war, with only 11 years of peace since 1956, when it gained independence from Britain.
According to political analysts, the conflict erupted on 15 April of this year due to a power struggle between the Sudanese army, led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and a paramilitary group, the Rapid Support Forces(RSF) led by Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, commonly known as Hemedti.
The surge in the number of displaced people in Sudan has overwhelmed essential services like education and healthcare. Schools have been shut for the last seven months, and at least four children are still dying every week.
The number of Sudanese refugees fleeing to neighbouring countries is dramatically increasing. Recently, there has been a sharp rise in refugee arrivals in Renk, South Sudan. Additionally, more than half a million Sudanese have sought refuge in Chad, which was already under security and humanitarian threat.
The situation is conducive to diseases like cholera and malaria.
The UN has raised concerns over the high prevalence of conflict-related sexual violence due to the conflict in Sudan and its spillover to neighbouring countries. In response, the organization has called for an immediate halt to the violence.
The Regional Refugee Response Plan for neighbouring countries is currently only 39% funded, and a separate appeal for the humanitarian needs inside Sudan is only a third funded. Both appeals are vital to helping the civilian population inside Sudan.
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